27th Evacuation Hospital Collection


Overview of the Collection

Repository: University of Illinois at Chicago
Creator: Members of the 27th Evacuation Hospital
Title: 27th Evacuation Hospital Collection
Dates: 1942-1992
Quantity: 7.5 linear feet
Abstract: The 27th Evacuation Hospital was organized in World War II and was primarily filled by volunteers from the University of Illinois. It was in operation from May 1942 until being inactivated in December 1945. This collection is comprised of donations from various people who served with the 27th Evacuation Hospital during World war II. These individuals include, Charles Puestow, William Gillesby, Mike Duff, Clayton Sturgeon and Ruth Young. It contains official military records, correspondence, diaries, logs, photographs, films and assorted memorabilia documenting the experiences of soldiers in the 27th Evacuation Hospital.
Identification: 099-10
Language: The records are in English.

Biographical Note

From the 1944 Annual Report by Commanding officer Colonel Charles B. Puestow:

"As part of the war program of the University of Illinois, the Chicago Colleges of Dentistry, Pharmacy and Medicine, including Rush Medical College, requested permission on 24 April 1942, to organize an affiliated United States Army Evacuation Hospital, although [Presbyterian?] Hospital, a component of Rush Medical College, had already organized the 13th General Hospital, the University of Illinois, having the largest medical college in America, believed it could contribute another hospital to the war effort. The office of the Surgeon General informed the University that no additional General Hospitals were needed but that a 750 bed evacuation hospital could be used. The Adjutant General approved the University's application on 28 May 1942 and authorized the organization of the 27th Evacuation Hospital in accordance with the Surgeon General's letter of 2 March 1942; "Affiliated Units, Medical Department, U.S. Army."

Timeline of Key Events

Oct 1942. Camp Breckenridge Kentucky. Intensive military training program began.

Jan 6, 1944. Stuart Park, West Virginia. Tent hospital set up.

Jan 31, 1944. Fort Devens Massachusetts. Clothing and equipment inspected and the hospital equipment was packed for overseas shipment.

Mar 21, 1944. Unit left Fort Devens for Camp Patrick Henry, Virginia.

Apr 1, 1944. Boarded Liberty Ship, "SS John Sargent" for overseas deployment.

Apr 19,1944. Unit debarked in Oran North Africa and transported to staging area #2 known as "Goat Hill".

May 12, 1944. Unit Boarded "Seminole" and arrived at Naples Italy.

May 22, 1944. A 1500 bed general hospital was set up on the outskirts of Maddaloni, Italy and designated to receive only French Colonial casualties.

Aug 28, 1944. Personnel embarked on ships for Marseille.

Aug 30, 1944. The unit arrives at St. Tropez and proceeds to Bouc-Bel-Aire, Southern France where a hospital was set up to serve as a station hospital and dispensary for all American troops in this area.

Sep to Oct, 1944. A hospital site was established at Xertigny to support the ground forces close to the battle areas.

Nov 25 to Dec 21, 1944. Hospital set up in Baccarat, France in buildings which were badly damaged by shell fire.

Dec 21, 1944. Hospital set up at Haguenau.

Dec 27, 1944. Hospital moves back to Baccarat.

Mar 20, 1945. Hospital moved to Fenetrange and set up in a school building.

Mar 25, 1945. Unit set up a small tent hospital at Dreisen Germany.

Apr 5, 1945. Unit set up a hospital in Hosbach.

Apr 24, 1945. Hospital set up at Feuchtwangen.

May 9, 1945. Hospital set up at Starnberg.

Nov 28, 1945. Troops sailed for the U.S.

Dec 10, 1945. 27th Evacuation Hospital was inactivated.

Return to the Table of Contents


Scope and Contents

The collection is comprised of the papers and records of the 27th evacuation hospital which was approved by the Adjutant general on May 28, 1942 and inactivated on December 10, 1945. The hospitals mission was to function as an evacuation hospital in support of combat troops.

The collection is comprised of eight series:
The Annual Records, Reports and Histories series contains brief histories of the formation and evolution of the hospital from September 1942 until its inactivation in December 1945. The reports include: nurses diaries, and medical, surgical, laboratory, pharmacy, and X-Ray reports and rosters of Personnel.
The Military Records, Reports, and Official Correspondence series contains the official handwritten unit log with photographs and newspaper clippings covering the history of the unit from its activation in December 1942 until its inactivation in December of 1945, military orders and directives, medical case studies, tables of organization and equipment, and rosters of assigned personnel, correspondence with Charles Puestow and bulletins and publications.
The Lieutenant Colonel William J. Gillesby Series contains medical case studies and memorabilia collected by Gillesby.
The First Lieutenant Clayton P. Sturgeon Series contains military records related to Sturgeon and memorabilia collected by him AND POSTWAR FAMILY CORRESPONDENCE. ****RESTRICTED**** RESEARCHERS WILL NEED TO OBTAIN PERMISSION FORM THE STURGEON FAMILY TO USE THESE RECORDS.
The Mike Duff Series contains his 8 volume diary, "My Diary as a Medic" and a published edition.
The Colonel Puestow and General 27th Evacuation Hospital Memorabilia Series contains announcements bulletins, maps, souvenirs, flag, etc.
The 27th Evacuation Hospital Reunion Series contains miscellaneous address/deceased lists, newspaper clippings, letters and memorabilia
The Photographic Collection Series contains photographs of military staff, and medical and social scenes in North Africa, Italy, France and Germany and photos of training camps in the U.S. There are also aerial photos of the 27th evacuation hospital in various localities. The collection includes home films, and Charles Puestow's scrapbook of photos.

Return to the Table of Contents


Restrictions

Restrictions on Use

Collection is open to the public. Restriction notes included with the Mike Duff diaries were lifted by the family in 2003. Restriction notice on Sturgeon papers still effective in June 2003.

Return to the Table of Contents


Index Terms

This record series is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.

Persons:

Duff, Mike
Gillesby, William
Hershey, Noel
Puestow, Charles
Sturgeon, Clayton
Young, Ruth

Organizations:

United States. Army. Evacuation Hospital, 27th--History
University of Illinois at Chicago
University of Illinois Chicago Professional Colleges. College of Medicine
University of Illinois College of Medicine

Places:

Breckenridge (KY)
France
Germany
Italy
Stuart Park (WV)

Return to the Table of Contents


Administrative Information

Acquisition Information

This collection is comprised of (13?) donations from various people who served with the 27th Evacuation Hospital during World War II. The collections include: LHS 80-68, LHS 80-69, LHS 81-52, LHS 81-84, LHS 83-14, LHS 83-16, LHS 83-25, LHS 83-28, LHS 90-14, LHS 90-43 (non-27th material kept separate), UA 92-06, UA 91-02 (Cross Donation) and UA 2003-06 (Duff Supplement). The bulk of the collection covers the war years, but there is some material from later reunions.

Return to the Table of Contents


Detailed Description of the Collection

1 1 Hand drawn map showing movement of the 27th Evacuation Hospital from 1942-1945
Annual Reports and Histories Written During the War
1 2 Annual Report - Use copies, 1942
3 Annual Reorts - Use copies, 1943
4 Annual Reports - Use copies , 1944
5 Annual Reports - Use copies, 1945 [jan. 1- Jun 30 only]
6 Annual Reports - Archival copies, 1942-1943
7 Annual Reports - Archival copies, 1944
8 Annual Reports - Archival copies, 1945
9 History--Diary of the Forty -Second Evacuation Hospital, Fort Leonard Wood Missouri, and Camp Breckenridge, Kentucky, for the period June 1, 1941 through October 15, 1942, as Reflected by Morning Reports, Hospital Orders, Special Orders, and Excerpts from Personal Diary of Lieutenant Colonel H.F. Hendrickson, Commanding Officer"
10 History--"Our First Retreat" by Ruth Young, 1st Lieutentant, Army Nurse Corps, 1944
Military Records, Reports, and Official Correspondence,
2 11 Official Unit Log--A daily log was kept during the existence of the 27th Medical Evacuation Hospital. The log was maintained by Major Gleyn Goodwine. Initially typewritten, the majority of the log is handwritten. The log includes a large number of documents and some photos which were affixed to the pages. Where possible, these extra documents were removed and stored in a separate folder. A sheet of acid-free paper in front of each document describes where it was found in the diary and a sheet of acid-free paper in the log indicates that material was removed from that page, Apr 1942-Dec 1944
11a Diary of 27th Evacuation Hospital, 1 Jan 1945 to 24 Jun 1945
12 Material removed from log,
Other Military Records, Reports and Official Correspondence,
2 13 Military Orders and Directives, 1942-1947
14 Reports and other logs--Monthly sanitation reports,work and operation summaries, camplayouts, etc. 1944-1945
14a Case Studies--, undated
-Thomas A. Weaver and Andrew J. Frishman. "A report on the treatment of craniocerebral wounds in an evacuation hospital." , undated
-Thomas A. Weaver. "Case Report: Frontal osteomyelitis with epidural abcess secondary to acute frontal sinusitis.", undated
-author unknown. "Experimental and clinical studies of intestinal motility and post-operative distension.", undated
15 Tables of Organization and Equipment, 1942-1945
Various documents describing the equipment authorized for an evacuation hospital as well as correspondence from the 27th Evacuation Hospital trying to modify the Table of Organization;
16 Rosters of assigned personnel. Some are dated., 1942-1945
3 17 Correspondence with Colonel Charles B. Puestow, 1942-1947
18 Bulletins and publications,
Assorted documents found in collection. Includes:,
- Scattered daily and weekly bulletins and announcements,
- Reprint of 1919 Ellsworth Eliot Jr. article "Some experiences in an evacuation hospital," ,
- The Medical Bulletin 1 Nov. 1944,
- Medical Bulletin of the North African Theater of Operations (later Medical Bulletin of the Mediterranean Theater of Operations).Vol. 2 issues 2 and 3 (1944), Vol. 3, issue 1 (1945).,
- The Bulletin of the U.S. Army Medical Department no. 84 (Jan. 1945)
- The Fletcher Scope vol 1, no. 7 (July 10, 1943) (published by Fletcher General Hospital),
- Medical Microbe, vol 1, no. 2 (26 Sep. 1943) and vol. 1, no. 3 (Nov. 10, 1943), (published by 27th Evacuation Hospital),
18a, 18b, 18c - Clippings about 27th Evacuation Hospital, 1942-1945
19 Original letters of commendation, 1945
Lieutenant Colonel William J. Gillesby Material,
3 20 Reprint of Gillesby 1944 article "Cardiac tamponade - report of a stab wound in the right ventricle", clipping of same. See also folder 18 for an article by Maj. Gillesby in Medical Microbe., 1944
21 Memorabilia collected by Maj. Gillesby during war such as announcements, bulletins, postcards, fliers, etc, 1945
First Lieutenant Clayton P. Sturgeon Material,
3 22 - Military Records related to 1LT Sturgeon. Includes some material from the Air Force Reserve after the war. 1942-1955
Restrictions on Use
*** RESTRICTED *** RESEARCHERS WILL NEED TO OBTAIN PERMISSION FROM THE STURGEON FAMILY TO USE THIS FOLDER,
4 23 Memorabilia collected by 1LT Sturgeon during the war such as announcements, bulletins, postcards, fliers, etc, 1942-1946
24 Sturgeon family postwar correspondence (see also: Reunion series below), 1984
Restrictions on Use
*** RESTRICTED *** RESEARCHERS WILL NEED TO OBTAIN PERMISSION FROM THE STURGEON FAMILY TO USE THIS FOLDER
25 Clippings found with 1LT Sturgeon donation, 1944-1945, 1976
x ARTIFACTS: 2 military uniforms and 2 garrison caps.(Artifact #93-98)
Mike Duff Material(some material located in box 5),
4 26-27 Mike Duff, My Diary as a Medic -- A Ward Boy in World War II. April 9, 1943 - December 28, 1945, 27th Evacuation Hospital, Seventh Army. (1988, unpublished, family no longer requires permission to reproduce)., April 1943-December 1945
5 31-34 Second copy of My Diary as a Medic, with addendum containing photographs, letters, clippings, etc., April 1943-December 1945
35-38 Original diaries, 8 volumes total. Volume one missing.
X Artifact - Small silver teapot (Artifact #169). Family believes it was found in Darmstadt.
4 X Artifact - ID tag for Mike Duff, (Artifact #168)
Colonel Puestow and General 27th Evacuation Hospital Memorabilia,
4 28 Colonel Puestow Memorabilia such as announcements, bulletins, postcards, fliers, etc., 1944-1945
29 Assorted announcements, bulletins, postcards, maps, souvenirs, ribbons, unit patches, etc. Some may have belonged to Colonel Puestow, 1945
X Artifact- 2 Fez (Italian Fascist and Nazi German ) (Artifact #118, 119)
X Artifact-knife (Artifact #120)
X Artifact-helmet (German Nazi) (Artifact #121)
X Artifact-nameplate (Artifact #122)
X Artifact- radio(Artifact #123)
27th Evacuation Hospital Reunion Material,1949-1950, 1982-1992
4 30 Miscellaneous address/deceased lists, newspaper clippings, letters, and memorabilia.
Photograph Collection,
-3 boxes photographs
contains photographs of military staff, and medical and social scenes in North Africa, Italy, France and Germany and photos of training camps in the U.S. There are also aerial photos of the 27th evacuation hospital in various localities. 1942-1945
Oversized 4th Anniversary photo,
Oversized Puestow Scrapbook with leather cover 1942-1945
4 photo albums, approximately 1942-1945
Certificates of appreciation and citations (map case),
27th Evacuation Hospital Films, 1942-1943
3 reels film. Film may have been recorded by Dr. Kemp. Note on containers: "This may not be played on a 'Super 8' projector, only use an 'old 8' type projector", 1942-1943
reel 1 Morganfield, 27th Evac Hospital-Gas , Gas Chamber,Bivouac, Nurses at Mess Line, Retreat, Parade Ground, Hike, Calisthenics
reel 2 Swimming in Kentucky, Infiltration Course, Bivouac, Camp Breckenridge, Easter Sunrise Service
reel 3 Tennessee Maneuvers and West Virginia